Brown spots, also known as hyperpigmentation, are areas of the skin that appear darker than the surrounding skin tone. They are usually caused by an excess production of melanin, the pigment responsible for skin color. Brown spots can be triggered by sun exposure, hormonal changes, aging, and skin injuries. They commonly appear on areas exposed to the sun, such as the face, hands, shoulders, and arms. Treatment options for brown spots include topical creams with ingredients like hydroquinone or retinoids, chemical peels, laser therapy, and intense pulsed light (IPL) treatments. Sun protection, including wearing sunscreen and protective clothing, is crucial in preventing and minimizing the appearance of brown spots. Consulting with a dermatologist can help determine the best course of treatment for individual cases.
Book an appointment with Dr. Shilpa dermatologist in BTM 2nd Stage