Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that is characterized by dry, itchy, red, and inflamed patches of skin. It is a common condition that can affect individuals of all ages, but it is especially common in children. The exact cause of eczema is not known, but it is believed to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Triggers for eczema flare-ups can include irritants, allergens, stress, temperature changes, and certain foods. Symptoms of eczema can vary in severity and may include intense itching, redness, dryness, rough patches, skin thickening, and oozing or crusting in severe cases. Treatment options for eczema include topical corticosteroids or other anti-inflammatory creams, moisturizers, antihistamines for itch relief, and avoiding triggers. It is important to work with a dermatologist to develop an individualized treatment plan for managing eczema and to minimize symptoms and flare-ups.
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