Lichen planus is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that manifests as itchy, flat-topped, purplish bumps or lesions on the skin, mucous membranes, or nails. The exact cause of lichen planus is unknown, but it is believed to be an autoimmune disorder where the body's immune system mistakenly attacks healthy cells. Lichen planus can affect various areas of the body, including the wrists, ankles, lower back, mouth, genitals, and scalp. Common symptoms include itching, redness, inflammation, and the development of a network-like pattern on the skin. In some cases, lichen planus can cause pain or discomfort. Treatment options for lichen planus aim to relieve symptoms and may include topical corticosteroids, oral medications, antihistamines, or immune-modulating drugs. Good oral hygiene practices and avoiding irritants can help manage oral lichen planus. Regular follow-ups with a dermatologist or healthcare professional are recommended for proper diagnosis, monitoring, and management of lichen planus.
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