Psoriasis is a chronic autoimmune skin condition characterized by the rapid buildup of skin cells, leading to the formation of thick, red, scaly patches on the skin. It is caused by an overactive immune system mistakenly attacking healthy skin cells. Psoriasis can occur anywhere on the body, but commonly affects the scalp, elbows, knees, and lower back. The symptoms of psoriasis can vary in severity, with some individuals experiencing mild patches while others have more extensive coverage. In addition to the physical symptoms, psoriasis can also have a significant impact on a person's emotional well-being and quality of life. While there is no cure for psoriasis, various treatment options are available to manage symptoms and minimize flare-ups. These include topical treatments like corticosteroids, moisturizers, and retinoids, as well as oral medications, phototherapy, and systemic medications for more severe cases. It is important for individuals with psoriasis to work closely with a dermatologist to develop a personalized treatment plan that addresses their specific needs and helps manage the condition effectively.
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