Telangiectasia, also known as spider veins or broken blood vessels, refers to the dilation of small blood vessels near the surface of the skin, causing them to become visible. These blood vessels appear as thin, red, or purple lines or clusters, resembling spider webs or tree branches. Telangiectasia can occur anywhere on the body, but it is commonly seen on the face, particularly on the cheeks, nose, and chin. The exact cause of telangiectasia is not fully understood, but it is often associated with chronic sun exposure, aging, genetics, certain medical conditions, and hormonal changes. While telangiectasia is generally harmless, some people may find them cosmetically bothersome. Treatment options for telangiectasia include laser therapy, intense pulsed light (IPL) therapy, sclerotherapy (injection of a solution to close the blood vessels), or electrocautery (application of heat to seal the vessels). It is recommended to consult with a dermatologist or vascular specialist for proper evaluation and to determine the most suitable treatment option based on individual circumstances.
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