Vitiligo is a chronic skin condition characterized by the loss of pigmentation in certain areas of the skin, resulting in white patches or depigmentation. It occurs when melanocytes, the cells responsible for producing melanin (the pigment that gives color to the skin, hair, and eyes), are destroyed or unable to function properly. The exact cause of vitiligo is still not fully understood, but it is believed to involve a combination of genetic, autoimmune, and environmental factors. Vitiligo can affect any part of the body, and the extent and progression of depigmentation can vary from person to person. While vitiligo itself is not physically harmful or contagious, it can have significant psychological and emotional impacts on individuals due to its visible nature. Treatment options for vitiligo aim to restore color to the depigmented areas and include topical corticosteroids, topical calcineurin inhibitors, phototherapy (light therapy), excimer laser, and in some cases, surgical interventions. It is important for individuals with vitiligo to consult with a dermatologist to discuss available treatment options, manage the condition, and address any concerns they may have.
Book an appointment with Dr. Shilpa dermatologist in BTM 2nd Stage